UN AGAINST ITS OWN CHARTER
THE EEBC DECISION TEN YEARS LATER AND ETHIOPIA'S ILLEGAL OCCUPATION:
UN AGAINST ITS OWN CHARTER
By: Samson Andebrhan
Ten years after the EEBC delivered its delimitation decision, the Eritrea-Ethiopia border remains undemarcated. As it stands, Ethiopia still remains defiant and on the wrong side of the norms of international law. By being so, it has put the peace and security of the Horn of Africa in turmoil. As a result of Ethiopia's non-compliance, peace between the two countries remains elusive.
The United Nations has done nothing of significance to curb Ethiopia's excesses. Instead, it has time and again gone to a great length to placate it. Its abysmal failure has not been for want of mandate. On the contrary, the UN is well placed to exert punitive measure should Ethiopia persist with its non-compliance with the Algiers Agreement.
The UN's apparently partisan step now will make the region unstable and future generations will continue to pay the price. Any action by the UN that falls short of either inducing or forcing the Ethiopian government to accept the EEBC decision fully and without any precondition will eventually result in the resumptions of war between the two nations.
With the border demarcated, everything else would follow naturally. Relations would be normalised and neighbourly dialogue will follow on. Eritrea and Ethiopia are neighbours and it is in the interest of the peoples of both countries that their relations should be normalised. But neighbourly relations cannot be instituted through blackmail and intimidation. To think that relations can be normalised while Ethiopia illegally occupies sovereign Eritrean land is unthinkable.
So, as it is always the case with Eritrea, everything comes down to what Eritreans can do for themselves. The project of intimidating Eritrea and its people into submission is nothing new. The UN on its part has played a key role in such a project in the past and now, here it is again violating its own Charter. There is not much surprise there.
Sometimes, one would be forgiven in thinking that there is no justice in this world; that the United Nation's protestation about universal peace and security and the rule of law is mere talk; that the UN Charter is just a string of dead words; and that there is no point in expecting anything more than a partisan involvement by the UN where Eritrea and Ethiopia are concerned.
But more often than not, people have to fight for justice. The difference may be that in their struggle for justice, Eritreans will have no one but themselves to rely on. We should leave no stone unturned in search for peace and justice.